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1. Connect to newly launched VM Instance

  • Using RDP client connect to MayaData VM instance with the default account name and initial password configured by the cloud provider.
  • Change the default password to your own password.
  • Optionally create additional users if needed.

2. Launch Administration console 

  • Launch vfsadm Administration Console from the shortcut link in Desktop and Run as Administrator

  • Expand the Cloud Disks in the tree view pane to reveal the following management options

On this page:

3. Create Cloud Profile

  • Use profiles → New to create a cloud profile that provides relevant information for accessing the cloud storage from application.  To start with the configuration you would need access ID  key and secret key generated by your cloud provider from their console settings. It is also possible to skip providing this information, if the compute engine was already authorized to perform S3 object access operations through IAM settings.

    AWS EC2

    For AWS EC2 instance created with IAM role that authorizes S3 operations it may not be required to configure the accessId and accessKey within the software. Instead use the option --accessEC2IAM=ROLE option with objbaker. This will acquire S3 credentials from EC2 machine instance-data via every five minutes.

    Use profiles → New to launch the following dialogs.

    The following dialog shows how to configure cloud profile for Wasabi Technologies which comes under Other S3 generic category. In this configuration BaseURL is required to match their service URLs

    Once configured it will provide a list of bucket/container names that is currently present.

4. Configure your first object storage disk

Select the cloud profile to use for creating object storage disk.  You can select an existing Bucket from the list or enter one manually which will create a new bucket for you.  Logical size of VHDX up to 64TB allowed by Windows. Fill in the following information for the new Disk

  1. Enter Disk name, which maybe same as bucket name or different.
  2. If you selected existing bucket the Bucket will be autofilled, otherwise enter a new bucket name to be created.
  3. Enter Size for the Disk representing the Bucket.  This is only a logical size while the bucket storage size is physical. Logical size of VHDX up to 64TB allowed by Windows.
  4. Select the Blocksize of the physical blocks in the cloud bucket.  This would normally match the application blocksize for optimal performance.  For NTFS it would match the cluster size of the file system.
  5. Click Create to proceed with the configuration.

5. Register the object storage disk as service

  • Once cloud disk was setup Register it as service program so that it is available automatically on system startup.

    Right-click on Disk and select Register from popup menu.

  • In the Register cloud disk service you may accept the default values or change accordingly.

  • To start the service Right-click on Disk and select Start from popup menu.

    Reset-mounted flag

    If starting the service after unclean shutdown of earlier successful mount it is required to clear the mounted flag by selecting Reset-Mounted menu option and then attempt to start the service.

    After the above command finishes the object storage is accessible as V:\mnt\file.vhdx as one giant file and in this example it shows logical capacity as 10TB.

    C:\Program Files\qemu>dir v:\mnt
     Volume in drive V is vfsroot
     Volume Serial Number is 0122-B5C1
     Directory of v:\mnt
    05/22/2019  07:48 PM    <DIR>          .
    05/22/2019  07:48 PM    <DIR>          ..
    05/22/2019  07:48 PM10,995,116,277,760 file.vhdx
    05/22/2019  07:48 PM             1,422 stats
                   2 File(s) 10,995,116,279,182 bytes
                   2 Dir(s)       5,242,880 bytes free 

6. Configure the object storage disk as VHDX

For Windows to make use of  object storage bucket  we have to initialize the object storage as VHDX image.  VHDX is preferred over VHD because of inherent journal feature to protect against unsafe shutdown and also it can support up to 64TB for a single image

  • To create new VHDX image click mount/umount from the treeview pane.
  • Select the Disk and Right-Click for the popup-menu and choose Create VHD menu option

7. Mount the VHDX image of object storage disk

  • Select Disk and Right-Click to choose Mount VHD menu option to attach the VHDX image as Disk to Windows.
  • Only for newly created VHDX image
    Launch diskmgmt.msc to initialize disk for the first time and assign a drive letter.  You may create a file system within Disk Management GUI or from Command Prompt.

    To Create a file system NTFS or ReFS from command prompt. Use the actual drive letter that was assigned from the above command and allocation size of 1MB is chosen to match with the block size used while configuring cloud disk.

    c:\users\Administrator> format /fs:ntfs /A:1M  /q  F:

    NTFS allocation size

    Windows 2019 supports allocation size of 1MB for NTFS file systems while earlier version limited to 64KB only.  This means NTFS created with 1MB allocation size may not be recognized by older Windows.

8. Detach the  VHDX image

To stop the objbaker service program for the disk the VHDX image as to be detached first.

  • Select Disk and Right-Click to choose Umount VHD menu option

9. Stop the service of object storage disk 

After detaching the VHDX image it is safe to proceed with stopping the service if needed. 

  • Select services → Disk and Right-Click to choose Stop menu option

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